So one of my main complaints about implementing a cost-effective Nimble Storage array at my last job was this:
I remarked back in April about this unfortunate problem in a post about an otherwise-flawless & easy Nimble implementation:
The SSL cert situation is embarrassing and I’m glad my former boss hasn’t seen it. Namely that situation is this: you can’t replace the stock cert, which, frankly looks like something I would do while tooling around with OpenSSL in the lab.
I understand this is fixed in the new 2.x OS version but holy shit what a fail.
Well, fail-file no more, because my new Nimble array at my current job has been measured and validated by the CA Gods:
Oh yeah baby. Validated in Chrome, Firefox and IE. And it only cost me market rates for a SAN certificate from a respected CA, a few hours back ‘n forth with Nimble, and only a few IT McGuyver-style tricks to get this outcome.
Now look. I know some of my readers are probably seeing this and thinking…”But that proves nothing. A false sense of security you have.”
Maybe you’re right, but consider.
I take a sort of Broken Windows Theory approach to IT. The Broken Windows Theory, if you’re not familiar with it, states that:
Under the broken windows theory, an ordered and clean environment – one which is maintained – sends the signal that the area is monitored and that criminal behavior will not be tolerated. Conversely, a disordered environment – one which is not maintained (broken windows, graffiti, excessive litter) – sends the signal that the area is not monitored and that one can engage in criminal behavior with little risk of detection.
Now I’m not saying that adding a proper certificate to my behind-the-firewall Nimble array so that Chrome shows me Green Padlocks rather than scary warnings is akin to reducing violent crime in urban areas. But I am saying that little details, such as these, ought to be considered and fixed in your environment.
Why? Well, somehow fixing even little things like this amount to something more than just good hygiene, something more than just ‘best practice.’
Ultimately, we infrastructurists are what we build, are we not? Even little ‘security theater’ elements like the one above are a reflection on our attention to detail, a validation of our ability to not only design a resilient infrastructure on paper at the macro level, but to execute on that design to perfection at the micro level.
It shows we’re not lazy as well, that we care to repair the ‘broken windows’ in our environment.
And besides: Google (and Microsoft & Mozilla & Apple) are right to call out untrusted certificates in increasingly disruptive & work-impairing ways.
*If you’re reading this and saying: Why don’t you just access the array via IP address, well, GoFQDNorGoHomeSon.com
This is a really lame but (IMHO) effective drawing of what I think of as a modern small/medium business enterprise ‘stack’:
As you can see, just about every element of a modern IT is portrayed.
Down at the base of the pyramid, you got your storage. IOPS, RAID, rotational & ssd, snapshots, dedupes, inline compression, site to site storage replication, clones and oh me oh my…all the things we really really love are right here. It’s the Luntastic layer and always will be.
Above that, your compute & Memory. The denser the better, 2U Pizza Boxes don’t grow on trees and the business isn’t going to shell out more $$$ if you get it wrong.
Above that, we have what my networking friends would call the “Underlay network.” Right. Some cat 6, twinax, fiber, whatever. This is where we push some packets, whether to our storage from our compute, northbound out to the world, southbound & down the stack, or east/west across it. Leafs, spines, encapsulation, control & data planes, it’s all here.
And going higher -still in Infrastructure Land mind you- we have the virtualization layer. Yeah baby. This is what it’s all about, this is the layer that saved my career in IT and made things interesting again. This layer is designed to abstract all that is beneath it with two goals in mind: cost savings via efficiency gains & ease of provisioning/use.
And boy,has this layer changed the game, hasn’t it?
So if you’re a virtualization engineer like I am, maybe this is all you care about. I wouldn’t blame you. The infrastructure layer is, after all, the best part of the stack, the only part of the stack that can claim to be #Glorious.
But in my career, I always get roped in (willingly or not) into the upper layers of the stack. And so that is where I shall take you, if you let me.
Next up, the Platform layer. This is the layer where that special DBA in your life likes to live. He optimizes his query plans atop your Infrastructure layer, and though he is old-school in the ways of storage, he’s learned to trust you and your fancy QoS .vhdxs, or your incredibly awesome DRS fault-tolerant vCPUs.
Or maybe you don’t have a DBA in your Valentine’s card rotation. Maybe this is the layer at which the devs in your life, whether they are running Eclipse or Visual Studio, make your life hell. They’re always asking for more x (x= memory, storage, compute, IP), and though they’re highly-technical folks, their eyes kind of glaze over when you bring up NVGRE or VXLAN or Converged/Distributed Switching or whatever tech you heart at the layer below.
Then again, maybe you work in this layer. Maybe you’re responsible for building & maintaining session virtualization tech like RDS or XenApp, or maybe you maintain file shares, web farms, or something else.
Point is, the people at this layer are platform builders. To borrow from the automotive industry, platform guys build the car that travels on the road infrastructure guys build. It does no good for either of us if the road is bumpy or the car isn’t reliable, does it? The user doesn’t distinguish between ‘road’ and ‘car’, do they? They just blame IT.
Next up: software & service layer. Our users exist here, and so do we. Maybe for you this layer is about supporting & deploying Android & iPhone handsets and thinking about MDM. Or maybe you spend your day supporting old-school fat client applications, or pushing them out.
And finally, now we arrive to the top of the pyramid. User-space. The business.
This is where (and the metaphor really fits, doesn’t it?) the rubber meets the road ladies and gentlemen. It’s where the business user drives the car (platform) on the road (infrastructure). This is where we sink or swim, where wins are tallied and heros made, or careers are shattered and the cycle of failure>begets>blame>begets>fear>begets failure begins in earnest.
That’s the stack. And if you’re in IT, you’re in some part of that stack, whether you know it or not.
But the stack is changing. I made a silly graphic for that too. Maybe tomorrow.
Fellow #VFD3 Delegate and Chicago-area vExpert Eric Shanks has recently posted two great pieces on how to setup an Active Directory Certificate Authority in your home lab environment.
Say what? Why would you want the pain of standing up some certificate & security infrastructure in your home lab?
Home Lab SSL Certificates aren’t exactly a high priority for most people, but they are something you might want to play with before you get into a production environment.
Security & Certificate infrastructure are a weak spot in my portfolio so I’ve been practicing/learning in the Daisetta Lab so that I don’t fail at work. Here’s how:
As I was building out my lab, I knew three things: I wanted a routable Fully Qualified Domain Name for my home lab, I was focused on virtualization but should also practice for the cloud and things like ADFS, and I wanted my lab to be as secure as possible (death to port 80 & NTLM!)
With those loose goals in mind, I decided I wanted Daisetta Labs.net to be legit. To have some Certificate Authority bonafides…to get some respect in the strangely federated yet authoritarian world of certificate authorities, browser and OS certificate revocations, and yellow Chrome browser warning screens.
So I purchased a real wildcard SSL certificate from a real Certificate Authority back in March. It cost about $96 for one year, and I don’t regret it at all because I’m using it now to secure all manner of things in Active Directory, and I’ll soon be using it as Daisetta Labs.net on-prem begins interfacing with DaisettaLabs.net in Azure (it already is, via Office 365 DirSync, but I need to get to the next level and the clock is ticking on the cert).
Building on Eric’s excellent posts, I suggest to any Microsoft-focused IT Pros that you consider doing what I did. I know it sucks to shell out money for an SSL certificate, but labwork is hard so that work-work isn’t so hard.
So, go follow Eric’s outline, buy a cert, wildcard or otherwise (got mine at Comodo, there’s also an Israeli CA that gives SSL certs for free, but it’s a drawn-out process) and stand up a subordinate CA (as opposed to a on-prem only Root CA) and get your 443 on!
Man it sucks to get something so fundamentally wrong. Reader Chris pointed out a few inaccuracies and mistakes about my post in the comments below.
At first I was indignant, then thoughtful & reflective, and finally resigned. He’s right. I built an AD Root -not a subortinate as that’s absurd- Certificate Authority in the lab.
Admittedly, I’m not strong in this area. Thanks to Chris for his coaching and I regret if I mislead anyone.
So the three of you who read this blog might be wondering why I haven’t been posting much lately.
Where’s Jeff, the cloud praxis guy & Hyper-V fanboy, who says IT pros should practice their cloud skills? you might have asked.
Well, I’ll tell you where I’ve been. One, I’ve been working my tail off at my new job where Cloud Praxis is Cloud Game Time, and two, the Child Partition, as adorable and fun as he is, is now 19 months old, and when he’s not gone down for a maintenance cycle in the crib, he’s running Parent Partition and Supervisor Module spouse ragged, consuming all CPU resources in the cluster. Wow that kid has some energy!
Yet despite that (or perhaps because of that), I found some time to re-think my storage strategy for the Daisetta Lab.
Recall that for months I’ve been running a ZFS array atop a simple NAS4Free instance, using the AMD-powered box as a multi-path iSCSI target for Cluster Shared Volumes. But continuing kernel-on-iscsi-target-service homicides, a desire to combine all my spare drives & resources into a new array, and a vacation-time cash-infusion following my exit from the last job lead me to build this for only about $600 all-in:
Here are some superlatives and other interesting curios about this new box:
It was born on the 4th of July, just like ‘Merica and is as big, loud, ostentatious and overbearing as ‘Merica itself
I would name it ‘Merica.daisettalabs.net if the OS would accept it
It’s a real server. With a real Supermicro X10SAT server/workstation board. No more hacking Intel .inf files to get server-quality drivers
It has a real server SAS card, an LSI 9218i something or other with SAS-SATA breakout cables
It doesn’t make me choose between file or block storage, and is object-storage curious. It can even do NFS or SMB 3…at the same time.
It does ex post facto dedupe -the old model- rather than the new hot model of inline dedupe and/or compression, which makes me resent it, but only a little bit
It’s combining three storage chipsets -the LSI card, the Supermicro’s Intel C226, and ASMedia 1061- into one software-defined logical system. It’s abstracting all that hardware away using pools, similar to ZFS, but in a different, more sublime & elegant way.
It doesn’t have the ARC –ie RAM AS STORAGE– which makes me really resent it, but on the plus side, I’m only giving it 12GB of RAM and now have 16GB left for other uses.
It has 16 Disks : 12 rotational drives (6x1TB 5400 RPM & 6x2TB 7200RPM) and four SSDs (3x256GB Samsung 840 EVO & 1x128GB Samsung 830) and one boot drive (1x32GB SanDisk ReadyCache drive re-purposed as general SSD)
Total capacity RAW: nearly 19TB. Usable? I’ll let you know. Asking
“Do I need that much?” is like asking “Does ‘Merica need to stretch from Sea to Shining Sea?” No I don’t, but yes ‘Merica does. But I had these drives in stock, as it were, so why not?
It uses so much energy & power that it has, in just a few days, erased any greenhouse gas savings I’ve made driving a hybrid for one year. Sorry Mother Earth, looks like I’m in your debt again
But seriously, under load, it’s hitting about 310 watts. At idle, 150w. Not bad all things considered. Haswell + full C states & PCIe power management work.
It’s built as veritable wind-tunnel as it lives the garage. In Southern California. And it’s summer. Under load, the CPU is hitting about 65C and the south-bridge flirts with 80c, but it’s stable.
It has six, yes, six, 1GbE Intel NICs. Two are on the motherboard, and I’m using a 4 port PCIe 2 card. And of course, I’ve enabled Jumbo Frames. I mean do you have to even ask at this point?
It uses virtual disks. Into which you can put other virtual disks. And even more virtual disks inside those virtual disks. It’s like Christopher Nolan designed this storage archetype while he wrote Inception…virtual disk within virtual disk within virtual disk. Sounds dangerous, but in the Daisetta Lab, Who Dares Wins!
So yeah. That’s what I’ve been up to. Geeking out a little bit like a gamer, but simultaneously taking the next step in my understanding, mastery & skilled manipulation of a critical next-gen storage technology I’ll be using at work soon.
Can you guess what that is?
Stay tuned. Full reveal & some benchmarks/thoughts tomorrow.
E1, just like its big brothers E3 & E4, gives you real Microsoft Exchange 2013, just like the one at work. There’s all sorts of great things you can do with your own Exchange instance:
Practice your Powershell remoting skills
Get familiar with how Office 365 measures and applies storage settings among the different products
Run some decent reporting against device, browser and fat client usage
But the greatest of these is Exchange public-facing, closed-membership distribution groups.
Whazzat, you ask?
Well, it’s a distribution group. With you in it. And it’s public facing. Meaning you can create your own SMTP addresses that others can send to. And then you can create Exchange-based rules that drop those emails into a folder, deletes them after a certain time, runs scripts against them, all sorts of cool stuff before it hits your device or Outlook.
All this for my Enterprise of One, Daisetta Labs.net. For $8/month.
You might think it’s overkill to have a mighty Exchange instance for yourself, but your ability to create a public-facing distribution group is a killer app that can help you rationalize some of your cloud hassles at home and take charge & ownership of your email, which I argue, is akin to your birth certificate in the online services world.
My public facing distribution groups, por ejemplo:
There are others, like career@, blog@ and such.
The only free service that offers something akin to this powerful feature is Microosft’s own Outlook.com. If the prefixed email address is available @outlook.com, you can create aliases that are public-facing and use them in a similar way as I do.
But that’s a big if. @outlook.com names must be running low.
Another, perhaps even better use of these public-facing distribution groups: exploiting cloud offerings that aren’t dependent on a native email service like Gmail. You can use your public-facing distribution groups to register and rationalize the family cluster’s cloud stack!
It doesn’t solve everything, true, but it goes along way. In my case, the problem was a tough one to crack. You see, ever since the child partition emerged out of dev, into the hands of a skilled QA technician, and thence, under extreme protest, into production, I’ve struggled to capture, save & properly preserve the amazing pictures & videos stored on the Supervisor Module’s iPhone 5.
Until recently, Supe had the best camera phone in the cluster (My Lumia Icon outclasses it now). She, of course, uses Gmail so her pics are backed up in G+, but 1) I can’t access them or view them, 2) they’re downsized in the upload and 3) AutoAwesome’s gone from being cool & nifty to a bit creepy while iCloud’s a joke (though they smartly announced family sharing yesterday, I understand).
She has the same problems accessing the pictures I take of Child Partition on the Icon. She wants them all, and I don’t share much to the social media sites.
And neither one of us want to switch email providers.
Consumer OneDrive via Microsoft account registered with email@example.com with MFA. Checks all the Boxes. I even got 100GB just for using Bing for a month
Available on iPhone, Windows phone, desktop, etc? Check.
Easy to use, beautifully designed even? Check
Can use a public-facing distribution group SMTP address for account creation? Check
All tied into my E1 Exchange instance!
It works so well I’m using firstname.lastname@example.org to sync Windows 8.1 between home, work & in the lab. Only thing left is to convince the Supe to use OneNote rather than Evernote.
I do the same thing with Amazon (caveat_emptor@), finance stuff, Pandora (general@), some Apple-focused accounts, basically anything that doesn’t require a native email account, I’ll re-register with an O365 public-facing distribution group.
Then I share the account credentials among the cluster, and put the service on the cluster’s devices. Now the Supe’s iPhone 5 uploads to OneDrive, which all of us can access.
So yeah. E1 & public facing distribution groups can help sooth your personal cloud woes at home, while giving you the tools & exposure to Office 365 for #InfrastructureGlory at work.
Right. So if you’ve been following me through Cloud Praxis #1-3 and took my advice, you now have a simple Active Directory lab on your premises (Wherever that may be) and perhaps you did the right thing and purchased a domain name, then bought an Office 365 Enterprise E1 subscription for yourself. Because reading about contoso.com isn’t enough.
What am I talking about “if”. I know you did just what I recommended you do. I know because you’re with me here, working through the Cloud Praxis Program because you, like me, are an IT Infrastructurist who likes to win! You are a fellow seeker of #InfrastructureGlory, and you will pursue that ideal wherever it is, on-prem, hybrid, in the cloud, buried in a signed cmdlet, on your hybrid iSCSI array or deep inside an NVGRE-encapsulated packet, somewhere up in the Overlay.
Someone tell me I’m not alone here.
So DirSync. Or Directory Synchronization. In the grand Microsoft tradition of product names, DirSync has about the least sexy name possible. Imagine yourself as a poor Microsoft technology reseller; you’ve just done the elevator pitch for the Glories that are to be had in Office 365 Enterprise & Azure, and your mark is interested and so he asks:
Mark: “How do I get there?”
Sales guy: “DirSync”
Mark: “Pardon me?”
Sales Guy: “DirSync.”
Mark: Are you ok? Your voice is spasming or something. Is there someone I can call?
DirSync has been around for a long, long time. I hadn’t even heard of it or considered the possibility of using it until 2012 or 2013, but while prepping the Daisetta Lab, I realized this goes back to 2008 & Microsoft Online Services.
But today, in 2014, it’s officially called Windows Azure Active Directory Sync, and though I can’t wait to GifCam you some cool powershell cmdlets that show it in action, we’ve got some prep work to do first.
Lab Prep for DirSync
As I said in Cloud Praxis #3, to really simulate your workplace, I recommend you build your on prem lab AD with a fully-routable domain name, then purchase that same name from a registrar on the internet. I said in Cloud Praxis #2 that you should have a lab computer with 16GB of RAM and you should expect to build at least two or three VMs using Client Hyper-V at the minimum.
Now’s the time to firm this all up, prep our lab. I know you’re itching to get deep into some O365, but hang on and do your due dilligence, just like you would at work.
Lab DHCP : What do you have as your DHCP server? If it’s a consumer-level wifi router that won’t let you assign an FQDN to your devices, consider ditching it for DHCP and stand-up a DHCP instance in your Lab Domain Controller. Your wife will never know the difference and you can ensure 1) that your VMs (whether 1 or 2 or several) get the proper FQDN suffix assigned, and 2) you can disable NetBIOS via MS DHCP
Get your on-prem DNS in order: This is the time to really focus on your lab DNS. I want you to test everything; make some A-records, ensure your PTRs are created automatically. Create some C-Names and test forwarding. Download a tool like Steve Gibson’s DNS Benchmark to see which public name servers are the closest to you and answer the quickest. For me, it’s Level 3. Set your forwarders appropriately. Enable logging & automatic testing
Build a second DC: Not strictly required, but best practice & wisdom dictates you do this ahead of DirSync. Do what I did; go with a Windows core VM for your second DC. That VM will only need 768mb of ram or so, and a 15GB .vhdx. But with it, you will have a healthier domain on-prem
Now over to O365 Enterprise portal. Read the official O365 Induction Process as I did, then take a look at the steps/suggestions below. I went through this in April; it’s easy, but the official guides leave out some color.
Office 365 Prep & Domain Port ahead of DirSync
Go to your registrar and assign and verify to Microsoft you own the domain via TXT record: Process here
Easy but not realistic: Just handover DNS to O365. I took the easy way admittedly. Daisetta Labs.net DNS is hosted by O365. It’s decent as DNS hosting goes, but I wouldn’t have chosen this option for my workplace as I use an Anycast DNS service that has fast CDN Propagation globally
More realistic: Create the required A Records, C Names, TXT and SRV records at your registrar or DNS host and point them where Microsoft says to point them
Balls of Steel Option: Put your Lab VM in your DMZ, harden it up, point the registrar at it and host your own DNS via Windows baby. Probably not advisable from a residential internet connection.
Keep your .onmicrosoft.com account for a week or two: Whether you’re starting out in O365 at work or just to learn the system like I did, you’ll need your first O365 account for a few days as the domain name porting process is a 24-36 hour process. Don’t assign your E1 licenses to your @domain.com account just yet.
I wouldn’t engage MFA just yet…let things settle before you turn on Multifactor authentication. Also be sure your backup email account (The oh shit account Microsoft wants you to use that’s not associated with O365) is accessible and secure.
If you are simulating Exchange on-prem to hybrid for this exercise, you’ll have more steps than I did. Sadly, I had to give O365 the easy way out and selected “Fresh Start” in the process.
Proceed with the standard O365 wizard setups, but halt at OnRamp: I’m happy to see the Wizard configuration method is surviving in the cloud. Setting all this up won’t take long; the whole portal is pretty easy & obvious until you get to Sharepoint stuff.
Total work here is a couple of hours. I can’t stress how important your lab DNS & AD health are. You need to be rock solid in replication between your DCs, your DNS should be fast & reliably return accurate results, and you should have a good handle on your lab replication topology, a proper Sites & Services setup, and dial in your Group Policy and OU structure.
Daisetta Labs.net looks like this:
and dcdiag /e & repadmin show no errors.
Final Steps before DirSync Blastoff
With a healthy Domain on-prem, you need now to create some A Records, C-Names and TXT records so Lync, Outlook, and all your other fat clients dependent Exchange, Sharepoint and such know where to go. This is quite important; at work, you’ll run into this exact same situation. Getting this right is why we chose to use routable domain, it’s a big chunk of the reason why we’re doing this whole Cloud Praxis thing in the first place. It’s so our users have an enjoyable and hassle-free transition to O365
Follow the directions here. Not as hard as it sounds. For me it went very smoothly. In fact, the O365 Enterprise portal gives you everything you need in the Domain panel, provided you’ve waited about 36 hours after porting your domain. Here’s what mine looks like on-prem after manually creating the records.
And that’s it. We’re ready to Sync our Dirs to O365s Dirs, to get a little closer to #InfrastructureGlory. On one side: your on-prem AD stack, on the launch pad, in your lab ready for liftoff.
Sure, it’s a little hair-brained, admittedly, but if you’re like me, this is how you learn. And I’m learning. Aren’t you?
On the other launch pad, Office 365. Superbly architected by some Microsoft engineers, no longer joke-worthy like it was in the BPOS days, a place your infrastructure is heading to whether you like it or not.
I want you to be there ahead of all the other guys, and that’s what Cloud Praxis is all about: staying sharp on this cloud stack so we can keep our jobs and find #InfrastructureGlory.
DirSync is the first step here, and I’ll show you it on the next Cloud Praxis. Thanks for reading!
What’s the first thought that comes to your mind when you read that word?
If you’re in IT in the Microsoft space, maybe you think of huge mailbox stores, Exchange, Outlook, legal discovery requirements, spam headaches and the pressure & demand that stack places on your infrastructure. Terabytes and terabytes of the stuff, going back years. All up in your stack, DAG on your spindles, CAS on your edge, all load balanced at Layer 4/7 behind a physical or virtual device & wrapped up in a nice legitimate, widely-recognized CA-issued SSL cert. The stuff is everywhere.
I almost forgot. You have to back all that stuff up too. To tape in my case.
Oh, and perhaps you also recall the cold chills & instant sense of dread & fear you’ve felt just about every time an end user has asked (sometimes via email no less) “Is our email down?” I know the feeling.
Like a lot of Microsoft IT pros, I have my share of email war stories. I think email is one of those things in technology that lends itself to a sort of dualism, a sort of Devil on this shoulder, Angel on that shoulder . You can’t say something positive about email without adding a “but….” at the end, and that’s ok. Cognitive dissonance is allowed here; you can believe contrary ideas about email at the same time.
I know I do:
I love Email because, I hate email because
SMTP is last great agnostic open communication protocol, SMTP is too open and prone to abuse
Email is democratic and foundational to the internet, Email is fundamentally broken
Email will be around in some form forever, There’s no Tread Left on this Tire
Email is your online identity, Messaging applications are all the rage and so much richer
It’s how businesses communicate and thrive, One man’s business communication is another man’s spam
It’s always there, It goes down sometimes
Spam fighters and blacklists, Spam fighters and blacklists
It justifies Infrastructure Spend, It uses so much of my stack
Exchange is awesome and flexible, I broke Exchange once and fear it
Whatever your thoughts on email are, one thing is clear: for Microsoft Infrastructure guys pondering the Microsoft cloud, the path to #InfrastructureGlory clearly travels through Exchange Country. In fact, it’s like the first step we’re supposed to take via Office 365.
I don’t know about you, but I worry about the bandits in Exchange Country. Bandits that may break mail flow, or allow the tidal wave of spam in, prompt my users excessively for passwords, engage in various SSL hijinks, or otherwise change any of the finely-tuned ingredients in the delicate recipe that is my Exchange 2010 stack.
And yet, I bet if you polled Microsoft IT guys like me, you would find that of all the things they want to stick up in the Microsoft Cloud, Exchange & the email stack is probably at the top of the list. Just take it off our plate Microsoft as Exchange and email are in a sort of weird place in IT; it’s mission-critical and extremely important to have a durable Exchange infrastructure, yet raise your hand if you think Exchange Administration/Engineering are good career paths to take in 2014.
Didn’t think so.
So how do we get there?
I don’t have all the answers yet, but I at least have a good picture of the project, some hands-on experience, and some optimism, all of which means I’m one step closer to #InfrastructureGlory in the cloud.
Hard to build a realistic Exchange Lab
First of all, recognize this. While it’s easy to build out a lab infrastructure (Cloud Praxis #2) for Active Directory, it’s quite another thing to build out an Exchange lab as I found out. You can’t do SMTP from home anymore (the spammers ruined that) which means you need resources at work, which might or might not be available. They aren’t in my case, so I struggled for awhile.
Maybe you have some resources at work (a few extra public IPs, a walled-off virtual network, some storage) with which you can build out an Exchange lab. If so, evaluate whether that’s going to benefit you and your organization. It might be a black hole of wasted time; it might pay off in a huge way as you wargame your way from on-prem to hybrid then to cloud and finally #InfrastructureGlory
Office 365 Praxis with the E1 Plan
For me and Daisetta Labs.net, I decided I couldn’t adequately simulate my workplace Exchange. So I did the next best thing.
That’s right baby. Daisetta Labs.net is on the O365 Enteprise E1 plan. It’s an Enteprrise of 1 (me!) but an Enterprise-scaled O365 account nonetheless.
And it’s fantastically cheap & easy to do, less than $100 a year for all this:
For that measly amount, you can be an Enterprise of one in O365 and get all this:
A real Office 365 Enterprise account with Exchange 2013 and all of its incredibly rich features & options, including Powershell remoting, which you’ll need in your real O365 migration
That’s private email too...no ad bots gathering data against your profile. Up to you, but I moved my personal stack to O365 (more on that later)
Lync 2013. Forget Skype and all the other messengers. You get Lync service! Which interfaces with Skype and many others and makes you look like a real pro. Also useful if you have on-prem Lync, though I’m sad to report to you that, as of this month, Lync 2013 in O365 can’t kill your PBX off…yet.
Sharepoint & OneDrive for Business : I’ll admit it, I’ve done my fair share of Sharepoint hating but IT Infrastructurists need to realize Sharepoint is the gateway drug to many things businesses are interested in, like Business Intelligence & SQL, data visualizations and more. Besides, Sharepoint 2013 is not your daddy’s Sharepoint; it can do some neat stuff (not that I can show you, yet).
OneDrive for Business, again: If you’re in a Microsoft shop that’s still mostly on-prem, you probably experience Dropbox creep, where your users share documents via dropbox or other personal online storage solutions. With E1, you can get familiar with OneDrive for Business,within the context of Sharepoint & O365 management, dirsync, and all the rest.
One Terabyte of OneDrive for Business Storage. Outstanding. This was a recent announcement. It tickles me to think that my data is being deduped by a Windows storage spaces VM somewhere, just like I do on my storage at work.
Office Online : full on WAC server baby, with Excel in your Chrome or IE browser. Better, and better looking, than Google Docs.
With this plan, you can really test out Office for the iPad. You’ll get read and write to your O365 documents via an iPad, which can help you at work with that one C-level who loves his iPad as much as he loves Excel.
DirSync: The very directory synchronization tool you have stressed over at work is available to you with this simple, cheap E1 subscription. And it’s working. I’ve done it. Daisetta Labs.net is dirsynced to O365 from my home lab and I have SSO between my on-prem AD & Office 365. I deliberately kept my passwords separate between the two, but now they are in sync.
Anyway you cut it O365 E1 is an amazingly affordable and a very effective way to confront your cloud angst and get comfortable with Office 365. Even if you can’t fully simulate your workplace Exchange stack, you should consider doing this; you will use these same tools (particularly Powershell Remoting, the wizards in O365 & dirsync) at some point; best to get familiar with them now.
I could have hosted my Daisetta Labs.net domain anywhere; but I have zero regrets putting it in O365 on the E1 plan and committing for 12 months. If you’re an IT pro like me trying to get your infrastructure to the Microsoft cloud, you’d be well-served by doing the same thing I did. You may even want to ditch your personal email account and just go full Office 365…to eat the same dog food we’re going to serve to our users soon.
More to come on this tomorrow, suffice it to say, DaisettaLabs.net is dirsyncing as I write this. I’ll have screenshots, wizard processes and more to show.
It’s been a tough year for those of us in IT who engineer, deploy, support & maintain Microsoft technology products.
First, Windows 8 happened, which, as I’ve written about before, sent me into a downward spiral of confusion and despair. Shortly after that but before Windows 8.1, Microsoft killed off Technet subscriptions in the summer of 2013, telling Technet fans they should get used to the idea of MSDN subscriptions. As the fall arrived, Windows 8.1 and 2012 R2 cured my Chrome fever just as Ballmer & Crew were heading out the door.
Next, Microsoft took Satya Nadella out of his office in the Azure-plex and sat him behind the big mahogany CEO desk at One Microsoft Way. I like Nadella, but his selection spelled more gloom for Microsoft Infrastructure IT guys; remember it was Nadella who told the New York Times that Microsoft’s on-prem infrastructure products are old & tired and don’t make money for Microsoft anymore.
And then, this spring…first at BUILD, then TechEd, Microsoft did the unthinkable. They invited the Linux & Open source guys into the tent, sat them in the front row next to the developers and handed them drinks and party favors, while more or less making us on-prrem Infrastructure guys feel like we were crashing the party.
No new products announced for us at BUILD or TechEd, ostensibly the event built for us. Instead, the TechEdders got Azured on until they were blue in the face, leading Ars’ @DrPizza to observe:
So basically, not a single on-prem announcement. I wonder what IT people think about that….
We think it feels pretty shitty Dr. Pizza, that’s how. It feels like we’re about to be made obsolete, that we in the infrastructure side of the IT house are about to be disrupted out of existence by Jeffrey Snover’s cmdlets, Satya’s business sense and something menacingly named the Azure Pack.
And the guys who will replace us are all insufferable devs, Visual Studio jockeys who couldn’t tell you the difference between a spindle and a port-channel, even when threatened with a C#.
Which makes it hurt even more Dr. Pizza, if that is your real name.
But it also feels like a wake-up call and a challenge. A call to end the cynicism and embrace this cloud thing because it’s not going away. In fact, it’s only getting bigger, encroaching more and more each day into the DMZ and onto the LAN, forcing us to reckon with it.
The writing’s on the wall fellow Microsofties. BPOS uptime jokes were funny in 2011 and Azure doesn’t go down anymore because of expired certs. The stack is mature, scalable, and actually pretty awesome (even if they’re still using .vhd for VMs, which is crazy). It’s time we step up, adopt the language & manners of the dev, embrace the cloud vision, and take charge & ownership of our own futures.
I’d argue that learning Microsoft’s cloud is so urgent you should be exploring it and getting experienced with it even if your employer is cloud-shy and can’t commit.Don’t wait on them if that’s the case, do it yourself!
Because, if you don’t, you’ll get left behind. Think of the cloud as an operating system or technology platform and now imagine your resume in two, five, or seven years without any Office 365 or Azure experience on it. Now think of yourself actually scoring an interview, sitting down before the guy you want to work for in 2017 or 2018, and awkwardly telling him you have zero or very little experience in the cloud.
Would you hire that guy? I wouldn’t.
That guy will end up where all failed IT Pros end up: at Geek Squad, repairing consumer laptops & wifi routers and up-selling anti-virus subscriptions until he dies, sad, lonely & wondering where he went wrong.
Don’t be that guy. Aim for #InfrastructureGlory on-prem, hybrid, or in the cloud.
Over the coming days, I’ll show you how I did this on my own in a series of posts titled Cloud Praxis.
Link, On-prem/Hybrid/Cloud?, Notes
Cloud Praxis #2, On Prem, General guidance on building an AD lab to get started
Cloud Praxis #3, Cloud, Wherein I think about on-prem email and purchase an O365 E1 sub